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Christmas tree 101: Choosing, caring for tree
Extension advice
Richard Evans
Richard Evans is UGA Extension Service agent in Bryan County. - photo by File photo

Choosing the right Christmas tree can be both an enjoyable and rewarding experience. Following a few simple steps, we can select trees that will meet our needs throughout the holiday season.

Before setting out to purchase a tree, determining the location within the home the tree will be placed is the first place to start. You would be surprised how many times we’ve all brought home trees too large for our designated spaces.

Next, determine whether a cut tree or one "balled and burlapped" is to be purchased, or if a visit to a "choose and cut" farm is preferred.

A large number of growers, civic and charitable organizations and retail stores provide trees that only need to be purchased and taken home. "Ball and burlap" trees are sold with roots intact so that replanting is possible after the holiday season. At "choose and cut" farms, trees are chosen where they are growing in the field and then cut for use.

Here on the coast, there are a number of native-grown trees available for purchase, including Fraser fir, Virginia pine, redcedar, Leyland cypress and others.

Fraser fir has all the qualities of an excellent Christmas tree, such as fragrance, good needle retention and freshness. Its strong limbs will also hold ornaments well.

Virginia pine is often sold from "choose and cut" farms and has the good qualities of the pines such as fragrance, needle retention and suitability for ornaments.

Many people prefer Redcedar because it has been a traditional southern Christmas tree. Redcedar has a nice fragrance, but its flexible limbs will not support many or heavy ornaments. Redcedar may dry rapidly in a warm house if it is not well-watered.

Leyland cypress is a relative newcomer in the Christmas tree market. It has a lighter green color than redcedar and has soft flexible limbs. It also has a very attractive shape. Like redcedar, Leyland cypress dries rapidly in a warm house.

Freshness, which generally equates to the water content of a tree, is important when selecting a Christmas tree. For certain species, freshness can be determined by the condition of the needles.

Fresh needles of firs and spruces will break when bent, in a manner similar to a carrot, but the needles are not brittle. Pine needles will break only if they are very dry. You can also bounce or shake a tree to see if needles are firmly attached. Older, dead needles should fall off, but not the younger, green needles.

After-purchase care

Once you purchase a tree, keeping it fresh requires watering on a regular basis and avoiding high temperatures. If the tree is bought several days before it is to be decorated, it should be stored outside in a cool, shaded area. The base should be sawed on a diagonal about 1 inch above the original cut, and the base placed in a container of water. Sprinkling or misting the tree with water will also help retain freshness, but the tree should not be soaked.

Whether stored or not, before bringing the tree in the house, a square cut should be sawed on the base. The base of the tree should be kept in water throughout entire period that the tree is in use.

The water level in the stand should be checked daily. Research has indicated that water additives are not needed and may even result in excessive drying.

The tree should be well supported and placed away from sources of heat. Tree lights should not be left on unless someone is at home, and should be turned off when the family goes to bed.

Electrical cords should also be checked for any signs of damage or wear. Trees do not cause fires but will support combustion when dry. Dry trees should be removed before they create a fire hazard.

If you have questions, please give me a call at the Bryan County Extension Office for more information at (912) 653-2231.

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